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Homepage / People and Places of the Bible / Abraham

Abraham


First of the three patriarchs (Abraham, Isaac and Jacob) of the people of Israel and father of faith in the one God. He is revered by Jews, Christians and Muslims alike. Born in Ur of the Chaldees (Mesopotamia) to a family of idol worshippers, he eventually settled in Canaan in response to God's call.

Tradition makes Abraham a paragon of various desirable traits: kindness or grace, absolute trust in God (notwithstanding challenges he put to God), love of fellow human beings, hospitality, pursuit of justice, and humility. Tradition also names him as the one who instituted (morning) prayer. God sealed two covenants with Abraham: one, of nationhood, including the promise of Canaan for his descendants; the other, of faith, expressed in the circumcision rite.

Abraham is the patron of proselytes to Judaism, as both he and his wife, Sarah, were themselves proselytes who brought others into the Jewish fold; hence, newly converted Gentiles are often named “the son of Abraham” or “the daughter of Sarah.”


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Other Biblical Figures:
Agrippa IAhab
Alexander the GreatHasmoneans (the Maccabees)Herod the Great
JesusJohn the BaptistJoshua
MosesPaulCyrus II (the Great)
DavidElijahGedaliah
SamsonAaronAlexander Yannai (Jannaeus; Jonathan)
AmalekAmosAntigonus II (Mattathias)
Aristobulus I (Judah)Bar Giora, SimeonBar Kokhba, Simeon
CalebCutheansDaniel
Eleazar the HasmoneanElishaEssenes
Esther, QueenEzekiel, Book ofEzra
GibeonitesGog and MagogHabakkuk
HaggaiHamanHosea
IsaacIsaiahJacob
Jeremiah (Heb. Yirmiyahu)JethroJob
JoelJohanan ben ZakkaiJohanan the Hasmonean
John HyrcanusJohn of GiscalaJonah, Book of
Jonathan the HasmoneanJosephJosephus Flavius (Joseph ben Mattathias)
Joshua son of NunJosiahJudah Maccabee
Julius CaesarLeahLevites
MalachiMatriarchs (Heb. Imahot)Mattathias
MicahMiriamNahum
NazarenesNazirite (Heb. Nazir)Nehemiah
Obadiah, Book ofPatriarchsPharisees (Heb. Perushim)
PhilistinesRachelRebecca
RehoboamRuthSadducees (Heb. Tzedukim)
Salome AlexandraSamaritansSamuel
SarahSaulSicarii
Simeon bar YohaiSimeon the HasmoneanSolomon
Titus, Flavius VespasianusTribes of Israel, TheZadok, The House of
ZealotsZechariah, Book ofZephaniah, Book of
ZerubbabelZilpah
See also: Biblical Places