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Homepage / People and Places of the Bible / Gog and Magog

Gog and Magog


Mythical king (Gog) and country (Magog) that had a role in the pre-messianic period. The prophecy of Ezekiel concerning the end of days mentions Gog, king of the land of Magog, who will wage war against Israel and the God of Israel at the time preceding the redemption (Ezek. 38–39). God will destroy Magog and his defeat will sanctify the name of Israel in the world. In Genesis 10:2, Magog is mentioned as a son of Japheth, the son of Noah. In the aggadah the names Gog and Magog are used interchangeably. There is a variety of opinions when Gog and Magog will play their part in the cosmic drama of salvation. Rabbi Akiba contended that the war with Gog and Magog will continue for one full year and will bring great suffering to the people of Israel. According to the Aramaic translation of the Bible, the ingathering of the exiles will come only after the defeat of Gog and Magog (Targ. Jon. Num. 11:26). Other opinions hold that war with Gog and Magog will break out at the coming of the Messiah and on the Day of Judgment. A variety of additional rabbinic views are found relating to the redemption and to the role of Gog and Magog. In the Christian sources Gog will appear one thousand years after the appearance of Jesus. In the initial days of Islam, Christians saw Muhammad and his army as Gog and Magog.



Other Biblical Figures:
AbrahamAgrippa IAhab
Alexander the GreatHasmoneans (the Maccabees)Herod the Great
JesusJohn the BaptistJoshua
MosesPaulCyrus II (the Great)
DavidElijahGedaliah
SamsonAaronAlexander Yannai (Jannaeus; Jonathan)
AmalekAmosAntigonus II (Mattathias)
Aristobulus I (Judah)Bar Giora, SimeonBar Kokhba, Simeon
CalebCutheansDaniel
Eleazar the HasmoneanElishaEssenes
Esther, QueenEzekiel, Book ofEzra
GibeonitesHabakkuk
HaggaiHamanHosea
IsaacIsaiahJacob
Jeremiah (Heb. Yirmiyahu)JethroJob
JoelJohanan ben ZakkaiJohanan the Hasmonean
John HyrcanusJohn of GiscalaJonah, Book of
Jonathan the HasmoneanJosephJosephus Flavius (Joseph ben Mattathias)
Joshua son of NunJosiahJudah Maccabee
Julius CaesarLeahLevites
MalachiMatriarchs (Heb. Imahot)Mattathias
MicahMiriamNahum
NazarenesNazirite (Heb. Nazir)Nehemiah
Obadiah, Book ofPatriarchsPharisees (Heb. Perushim)
PhilistinesRachelRebecca
RehoboamRuthSadducees (Heb. Tzedukim)
Salome AlexandraSamaritansSamuel
SarahSaulSicarii
Simeon bar YohaiSimeon the HasmoneanSolomon
Titus, Flavius VespasianusTribes of Israel, TheZadok, The House of
ZealotsZechariah, Book ofZephaniah, Book of
ZerubbabelZilpah
See also: Biblical Places